The first industrial revolution was characterized by fully machine-integrated manufacturing since 1784, while the second industrial revolution was characterized by fully production-line-integrated manufacturing since 1923. Since 1969, the third industrial revolution was characterized by fully computer-integrated manufacturing. During the period from 2011 to 2013, we have entered the era of fourth industrial revolution, which was characterized by fully network-integrated manufacturing. In parallel, we are gradually evolving into the fifth industrial revolution, which will be characterized by fully robot-integrated manufacturing. The aim of such evolution is to achieve manufacturing as agile as possible with the help of massive deployment of sensors, actuators, networks, robots, and cloud computing. In this keynote speech, I will talk about: a) the landscape of manufacturing and industrial revolutions, b) the landscape of robotics and automation, and c) the roadmap of robotics applications for achieving robot-integrated manufacturing.
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